Preventing Mother To Child Disease Transmission

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission(PMTCT) programmes offer a wide range of services for women of reproductive age living with the risk of HIV to maintain their health and halt their infants from acquiring HIV. PMTCT services should be offered before conception, and throughout pregnancy, breastfeeding and labour. PMTCT services should include quick infant diagnosis at four to six weeks after birth, testing at 18 months or/and when breastfeeding stops, and ART initiation as soon as possible for HIV-exposed infants to prevent HIV acquisition. By keeping women and infants in PMTCT programmes after delivery is challenging. In some of the countries, more infant infections are now occurring during the postnatal period because of breastfeeding rather than pregnancy or labour due to the large rates of women who leave care.