Child Birth And Postpartum Care

postpartum period starts immediately after the birth of a child as the mother's body, including hormone levels & uterus size, returns to a non-pregnant state. The terms puerperium or puerperal period, or quick postpartum period are usually used to refer to the first six weeks after the childbirth. The World Health Organization emphasizes the postnatal period as the most critical and yet the most neglected phase in the lives of mothers and babies; maximum maternal and new-born deaths occur during the postnatal period. In scientific terms, the term is commonly abbreviated to Px, where x is a number; for example, "day P5" should be read as "the fifth day after birth". This is not to be confused with the medical nomenclature that uses G P to stand for the number and outcomes of pregnancy.